Premenstrual Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, and How to Cope


We all know how terrible our period can make us feel. Every month, the pain and discomfort feels relentless. These large ranges of feelings, both physical & emotional, are symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). While you may have heard of PMS before, you may not know the symptoms, causes, and the best ways to cope. Our society unfortunately does not make a practice of taking PMS seriously or teaching in depth about it in school. That’s why we’re here for you! 

What is Premenstrual Syndrome?

PMS is a variable set of physical, emotional, and psychological symptoms that appear in the time between ovulation and the onset of our next menstruation. It ends anywhere between the beginning of menstruation to after. 

  • Cramps
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Breast Pain & Tenderness
  • Fatigue 
  • General Malaise
  • Mood Swings
  • Fluid Retention
  • Weight Gain
  • Irritability 
  • Agitation
  • Concentration Problems
  • Meteorism
  • Sleep Disorders 

Pretty serious stuff...

How can you manage PMS symptoms?

The Main Recommendations to Cope with PMS Symptoms are

-Light Exercise

-Sleep

-Using Relaxation Techniques

-Healthy Eating 

Light exercise can be anything from a little walk, a gentle yoga routine, or some slow laps in the pool. It's very important to rest, as a lack of sleep will worsen other symptoms within your body and mind. Relaxation techniques like deep breathing and meditation can help keep you from getting stressed and may help you sleep at the end of the day. The Office for Women’s Health (OASH) also recommends you avoid smoking, due to a study that showed smokers experiencing worse PMS symptoms than non-smokers. 

PMS is a very common issue, and can be incredibly painful and overwhelming. It should be taken seriously, and you should not feel bad about treating your symptoms with ease.